The laser, abbreviation for light amplification through emitting radiation that is stimulated, has three properties that allow it to be used for a variety of uses, including industrial and medicinal laser tube cutting.
1. coherent Light beam.
2. Monochromatic light and then a particular wavelength.
3. Very bright and high-intensity.
The high-intensity light is the primary cutting characteristic due to a large power that is concentrated into a narrow light beam.
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The two other features the consistency, as well as the monochromatic nature that makes laser marking able to detect movement of the order of micrometers, which is why it’s extremely useful in automated precision tasks.
Mechanism and its function
To cut plates or tubes carbon dioxide lasers are favored because of their capacity to generate an enormous power output so that the relation between the power of the pump and the power generated by the laser can reach up to 20 percent.
The wavelength lies in the range between 9.4 and 10.6 micrometers.
The mechanism through lasers can cut the pipe comes from the issue of the light beam that is created by the energy generated by the excited electrons in carbon dioxide molecules.
The laser tube is a gas mixture comprised predominantly of nitrogen and carbon dioxide with the remainder made up of helium and oxygen.
The mechanism begins with an electrical discharge that passes through the laser tube that collides nitrogen molecules.
The inability of nitrogen to rapidly eliminate the energy absorbed by emitting light transmits energy to carbon dioxide’s electrons which ” in the process of discharge” will emit light and create an optical beam.